Multi-Length Scale-Enriched Continuum-Level Material Model for Kevlar (registered trademark)-Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Matrix Composites
ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD WEAPONS AND MATERIALS RESEARCH DIRECTORATE
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Fiber-reinforced polymer matrix composite materials display quite complex deformation and failure behavior under ballisticblast impact loading conditions. This complexity is generally attributed to a number of factors such as a hierarchicalmulti-length scale architecture of the material microstructure b nonlinear, rate-dependent and often pressure-sensitive mechanical response and c the interplay of various intrinsic phenomena and processes such as fiber twisting, interfiber frictionsliding, etc. Material models currently employed in the computational engineering analyses of ballisticblast impact protective structures made of this type of material do not generally include many of the aforementioned aspects of the material dynamic behavior. Consequently, discrepancies are often observed between computational predictions and their experimental counterparts. To address this problem, the results of an extensive set of molecular-level computational analyses regarding the role of various microstructuralmorphological defects on the Kevlar fiber mechanical properties are used to upgrade one of the existing continuum-level material models for fiber-reinforced composites. The results obtained show that the response of the material is significantly affected as a result of the incorporation of microstructural effects both under quasi-static simple mechanical testing condition and under dynamic ballistic-impact conditions.
- Laminates and Composite Materials