The Unified Command Plan and Combatant Commands: Background and Issues for Congress
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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The Unified Command Plan UCP and associated Combatant Commands COCOMs provide operational instructions and command and control to the Armed Forces and have a significant impact on how they are organized, trained, and resourced areas over which Congress has constitutional authority. The UCP is a classified executive branch document prepared by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff CJCS and reviewed and updated every two years that assigns missions planning, training, and operational responsibilities and geographic areas of responsibilities to COCOMs. Functional COCOMs operate world-wide across geographic boundaries and provide unique capabilities to geographic combatant commands and the Services while Geographic COCOMs operate in clearly delineated areas of operation and have a distinctive regional military focus.
- Naval Surface Warfare