Costs Associated with Endangered Species Act Compliance
ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER VICKSBURG MS ENVIRONMENTAL LAB
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This technical note summarizes the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers USACE or the Corps costs for complying with the Endangered Species Act P.L. 93-205 ESA in carrying out navigation, flood risk reduction, and ecosystem restoration missions from Fiscal Years 2005 through 2010. The costs were reported by USACE District, Division, and project personnel using the Costs Template for Threatened and Endangered Species Reporting costs template Henderson 2012, developed under the Dredging Operations Technical Support DOTS program. The costs template is used by all Corps elements, e.g., hydropower, navigation, and recreation, to report annual ESA-related costs. Costs are reported for activities such as coordinating and consulting with the US Fish and Wildlife Service USFWS and the National Marine Fisheries Service NMFS. Costs are also described for measures implemented to protect or avoid threatened and endangered species TES measures such as equipment modification, infrastructure construction and operation, monitoring activities, and land acquisition. The ESA as amended in 1988 PL 100-478, included a provision which required reporting expenditures reasonably attributable to a species beginning in 1990. This species by species accounting requirement became an annual data call to Federal agencies and states receiving section 6 grants in late autumn, reporting the previous fiscal year s FY costs to USFWS, who are responsible for compiling and reporting the results to Congress. Congress uses the information contained in the reports to either bolster claims for the effectiveness of the ESA in preventing species extinction or to denounce the costs of the ESA. Implementation of costs reporting, as one might suspect, varied between and within agencies. General guidance was provided by the USFWS each autumn and has been found to be open to interpretation USFWS 2011.
- Economics and Cost Analysis
- Environmental Health and Safety