Preventing Health Damaging Behaviors in Male and Female Army Recruits
Final rept. 1 Jan 2004-31 Jul 2013
CALIFORNIA UNIV SAN FRANCISCO
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Health damaging behaviors of young military personnel are reflections of health problems facing all young people in the United States. Military life presents opportunities and challenges that may both protect and place young troops at risk for health damaging behaviors. Challenges for maintaining a healthy armed force include high rates of sexually transmitted infections STIs, unintended pregnancies UIPs, misuse of alcoholsubstances, and personal sexual violence defined as violence within one s personal dating or marital relationships. The common thread through these negative health outcomes is volitional behavior. Such behaviors do not only result in illness or injury, but also negatively impact performance of military duties and threaten military readiness. Despite military leadership in setting standards and policies regarding professional behavior and universal health care for preventing and eliminating such negative health outcomes, many health problems remain. Building on our previous military research, we developed and implemented a cognitivebehavioral, skills-building intervention to prevent and reduce young troops risk for STIs, UIPs, alcoholsubstance misuse, and personal sexual violence. This research also aimed to establish the best training practices for educating young troops about health issues that impact military performance and readiness. Finally, this research has direct implications for health promotion and disease prevention education strategies designed to reach military men and women early in their careers.
- Medicine and Medical Research