pH-Responsive Layer-by-Layer Nanoshells for Direct Regulation of Cell Activity
GEORGIA INST OF TECH ATLANTA SCHOOL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
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Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast cells encapsulated with pH-responsive synthetic nanoshells from lightly cross-linked polymethacrylic acid showed a high viability rate of around 90, an indication of high biocompatibility of synthetic pHresponsive shells. We demonstrated that increasing pH above the isoelectric point of the polymer shell leads to a delay in growth rate however, it does not affect the expression of enhanced green fluorescent protein. We suggest that progressive ionization and charge accumulation within the synthetic shells evoke a structural change in the outer shells which affect the membrane transport. This change facilitates the ability to manipulate growth kinetics and functionality of the cells with the surrounding environment. We observed that hollow layer-by layer nanoshells showed a remarkable degree of reversible swellingdeswelling over a narrow pH range 201pH 5.0 6.0202, but their assembly directly on the cell surface resulted in the suppression of large dimensional changes. We suggest that the variation in surface charges caused by deprotonationprotonation of carboxylic groups in the nanoshells controlled cell growth and cell function, which can be utilized for external chemical control of cell-based biosensors.
- Anatomy and Physiology