Accession Number:

ADA582595

Title:

PTSD and DNA Methylation in Select Immune Function Gene Promoter Regions: A Repeated Measures Case-control Study of U.S. Military Service Members

Descriptive Note:

Journal articles

Corporate Author:

UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIV OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES BETHESDA MD

Report Date:

2013-06-24

Pagination or Media Count:

13.0

Abstract:

Background The underlying molecular mechanisms of PTSD are largely unknown. Distinctexpression signatures for PTSD have been found, in particular for immune activation transcripts. DNA methylation may be significant in the pathophysiology of PTSD, since the process is intrinsically linked to gene expression.We evaluated temporal changes in DNA methylation in select promoter regions of immune system-related genes in U.S. military service members with a PTSD diagnosis, pre- and post-diagnosis, and in controls. Methods Cases nD75 had a post-deployment diagnosis of PTSD in their medical record. Controls nD75 were randomly selected service members with no PTSD diagnosis. DNA was extracted from pre- and post-deployment sera. DNA methylation 5-mC was quantified at specific CpG sites in promoter regions of insulin-like growth factor 2 IGF2, long non-coding RNA transcript H19, interleukin-8 IL8, IL16, and IL18 via pyrosequencing.We used multivariate analysis of variance and generalized linear models to calculate adjusted means adjusted for age, gender, and race to make temporal comparisons of 5-mC for cases pre- to post-deployment versus controls pre- to post-deployment. Results There were significant differences in the change of 5-mC pre- to postdeployment between cases and controls for H19 cases C0.57, controls 1.97 p D0.04 and IL18 cases C1.39, controls 3.83 p D0.01. For H19 the difference was driven by a significant reduction in 5-mC among controls for IL18 the difference was driven by both a reduction in 5-mC among controls and an increase in 5-mC among cases. Stratified analyses revealed more pronounced differences in the adjusted means of pre-post H19 and IL18 methylation differences for cases versus controls among older service members, males, service members of white race, and those with shorter deployments 6 12 months.

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology
  • Personnel Management and Labor Relations
  • Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE