Accession Number:

ADA581224

Title:

Feasibility of New Technology to Comprehensively Characterize Air Emissions from Full Scale Open Burning and Open Detonation

Descriptive Note:

Final rept.

Corporate Author:

ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER CHAMPAIGN IL CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING RESEARCH LAB

Report Date:

2010-12-01

Pagination or Media Count:

171.0

Abstract:

For many decades, Open BurningOpen Detonation OBOD has been used as a safe and economic munitions demilitarization for energetic material disposal. Field OBOD air emissions have been very difficult to characterize because of rapid dispersion, short event duration, heterogeneous emission concentrations, large plume lift, soil entrainment, and explosion safety restrictions. In response to a 2009 SERDP Statement of Need, this project was designed to develop a new emission measurement system for comprehensive air emission characterization for full-scale OBOD operations. The project team developed a field campaign plan and conducted the field campaign at Tooele Army Depot, Utah, in March 2010. Emissions from OB of M1 propellant and OD of TNT were sampled over a three week period. This report describes the execution and results of the field campaign and discusses the feasibility of the emission measurement system to characterize air emissions from full-scale OBOD. Close coordination with the DoD demilitarization community enabled the research team to produce useful data for demilitarization-related compliance issues and operations. The feasibility study consisted of in situ and optical remote sensing ORS sampling, analysis and monitoring. The in situ sampling configuration included fixed position samplers, and airborne sampling. The aerial platform used a balloon-lofted instrument package called the Flyer. The instrument pack was lofted with a He-filled balloon and maneuvered by two tethers connected to two all-terrain-vehicles ATVs. Continuous measurements of CO2 and co-sampled PM-10, volatile organic compounds, and semi-volatile organic compounds allowed determination of emission factors. The ORS system included active and passive open-path Fourier Transform Infrared OP-FTIR spectrometers, Ultraviolet Differential Absorption Spectrometers UV-DOAS, and a Micropulse LIght Detection And Ranging LIDAR MPL. The ORS samplers were complemented with Tapered

Subject Categories:

  • Combustion and Ignition
  • Air Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE