U.S. Navy Officer Attitudes on the Repeal of Don't Ask, Don't Tell
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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Dont Ask, Dont Tell DADT prohibited gays from serving openly in the military from December 1993 to September 2011. In February 1994, a survey of Navy officers was administered at the Naval Postgraduate School exploring attitudes toward DADT. This survey was re-administered in 1996, 1999, 2004, and 2010. The surveys revealed an increasing acceptance of gays in the Navy. The present study, conducted post-repeal, utilized the same NPS survey along with focus-group interviews to examine the following policy, cohesion, leadership, tolerance, unit effectiveness, and military environment. The results show that the trend toward increasing acceptance has continued, as a majority of Navy officers strongly support the service of homosexuals. At the same time, a number of officers claim to feel uncomfortable sharing living quarters with a homosexual. Differences in attitudes were found by rank and years of service. It is recommended that the study be continued and expanded to include a more representative population of Navy officers and enlisted personnel. Further, the post-repeal effects on readiness should be monitored, particularly for fairness and potential harassment. The thesis includes appendices with survey trend data from 1994 to 2012 and response frequencies from a concurrent survey of Marine Corps officers.
- Sociology and Law
- Military Forces and Organizations