"North American Maritime Homeland Security and Defense"
CENTER FOR NAVAL ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA
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First, maritime homeland security amounts to an unfunded mandate imposed by the federal government on state and local governments, and on the many maritime terminal and Port Authorities. Transformation of port and shipping operations to account for terrorist threats represents a huge problem that dwarfs efforts made to secure the airlines from attack. Second, the U.S. Navy response to homeland securitydefense missions has been historically episodic and situational. U.S. Navy commitment to such missions has tended to dissolve over time in favor of forward operational concepts. Two years after 911, Defense Department strategies and concepts for homeland security rest on the idea that the first line of defense is overseas, performed through military operations to stop potential threats before they directly threaten the homeland. Third, the establishment of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security and a new unified combatant command USNORTHCOM may be important steps toward a more sustained and focused commitment to homeland security and defense, but much work remains to be done on their maritime aspects. Finally, there may be a political window of opportunity for a productive U.S.-Canadian dialogue on maritime homeland security in North America.
- Marine Engineering
- Civil Defense
- Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies