An Analysis of Modern State-Level Terrorist Deradicalization Campaigns
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEFENSE ANALYSIS DEPT
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The purpose of this thesis is to identify the optimal characteristics of a terrorist deradicalization campaign. A deradicalization campaign consists of all the efforts a state or organization leverages to prevent the rise of, or to disrupt, terrorist organizations. A persistent difficulty with evaluating deradicalization programs stems from conflating different levels of analysis ranging from individual in-jail programs to broader national campaigns. The primary focus of this thesis is to identify the key programs or factors required for state-run deradicalization campaigns to be effective. The initial framework used to evaluate these campaigns consists of four lines of effort LOE individual disengagement, collective disengagement, individual deradicalization, and collective deradicalization. A series of mechanisms operationalize each LOE. Several questions guide the research. Are certain LOEs more or less effective by themselves Given resource scarcity, which LOEs are essential Are combinations of LOEs optimal If so, what is the optimal combination To what degree do cultural or environmental conditions matter This framework will be applied to historical and ongoing deradicalization efforts in Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and Indonesia.
- Government and Political Science
- Sociology and Law
- Unconventional Warfare