Accelerated Learning and Retention: Literature Review and Workshop Review
HUMANSYSTEMS INC GUELPH (ONTARIO)
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Defence Research and Development Canada DRDC Toronto and the Canadian Defence Academy CDA have embarked upon a collaborative research effort to identify the most promising topics for Research and Development RD on accelerating learning and maximizing knowledgeskill retention that could yield the greatest benefit to the Canadian Forces CF within five years. This report examines the two deliverables of this project, a literature review and a workshop. The literature generated a list of potential research concepts related to accelerated learning and retention. A review of 26 articles from the relevant literature showed a range of factors likely to impact on learning and retention. These included characteristics of the student e.g., cognitive ability and motivation, the instructor, delivery media e.g., classroom-based instruction vs. computer-based instruction, delivery methods e.g., scheduling, feedback and testing and issues related to retention. It was noted that the factors that influence skill acquisition are not necessarily the same ones that influence skill retention. The literature review examined the available research exploring the impact of these factors on learning and retention, and identified gaps and emerging research questions.