The Enhanced Driver's License: Collateral Gains or Collateral Damage?
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS
Pagination or Media Count:
On a day-to-day basis, security to most Americans means proving their identity by producing a valid government-issued identification document ID -- most commonly a drivers license. For this reason, the 911 terrorists placed a high value on drivers licenses as a means to mask the preparatory activities leading up to their attack. Congress, as a result, enacted several measures to increase homeland security, including the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative WHTI, which was adopted on June 1, 2009. The WHTI requires all citizens to show proof of identity while crossing U.S. land, sea, and some air borders between Canada, Mexico, the Caribbean, and Bermuda. To facilitate the initiative, the Department of Homeland Security DHS expanded on such ID programs as NEXUS, FAST, and SENTRI. DHS also adopted a number of new ID solutions, including passport card PASS Card, the Enhanced Drivers License EDL, Global Entry, and the Enhanced Tribal Card. All WHTI IDs employ vicinity-read radio frequency identification RFID technology, which has raised privacy concerns. This thesis seeks to join the ongoing civil liberties vs. national security debate through a case study of the EDL on both technological and legal grounds.
- Government and Political Science
- Sociology and Law
- Civil Defense
- Miscellaneous Detection and Detectors