Summary Information on Employment, Characteristics, Supply, and Training
NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION WASHINGTON DC
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THE SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL MANPOWER RESOURCES of the United States are among the Nations basic assets. An adequate supply of highly trained scientists, engineers, and technicians and the proper utilization of these individuals is necessary for economic growth and national security. The effective use of scientific and technical personnel requires that accurate data on their supply, training, employment, and other personal and professional characteristics be available to the Government, industry, educators, and the general public. Decisions based on such information cover the full range from an individual students choice of a career to major national policy determinations affecting research and development priorities. In recognition of the national need for manpower data, the Congress about 15 years ago included in the legislation establishing the National Science Foundation the stipulation that NSF should provide information about scientific and technical personnel in the United States. The Foundation has carried out this responsibility by collating material from existing sources, coordinating certain data-gathering activities of other Federal agencies, supporting special studies carried out by colleges and universities and other nonprofit organizations, and undertaking studies and surveys directly by NSFs staff, including those of the National Register of Scientific and Technical Personnel. As a result, a large body of information gathered over the past 12 years has become available.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations