Accession Number:

ADA571319

Title:

Gunshot Wounds in Military Working Dogs in Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom: 29 cases (2003-2009)

Descriptive Note:

Journal article

Corporate Author:

ARMY SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND FORT BRAGG NC

Report Date:

2013-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

7.0

Abstract:

Clinical data from battlefield treatment, which includes care from the point of injury through arrival to, but not including, a designated veterinary treatment facility. Twenty-nine dogs were injured between 2003 and 2009. All but one of the injuries were from high caliber, high velocity weapons. Of the 29 injured dogs, 11 survived the injuries and 18 died 38 survival rate. Of the dogs that died, all but 1 died from catastrophic nonsurvivable injuries before treatment or evacuation could be instituted. The thorax was the most common site of injury 50 followed by extremity wounds 46. The leading cause of death from GSWs was from thoracic wounds, followed by head wounds. Dogs with extremity wounds as their only injury were most likely to survive, and dogs with multiple injuries were least likely to survive. All surviving dogs received treatment at the point of injury by military medics and dog handlers consistent with Tactical Combat Casualty Care guidelines for combat injuries in human service members. Of the 11 that survived, all dogs returned to full duty with subsequent deployment to combat zones. Location of wounds and injury severity at the time of presentation to veterinary care was not correlated with length of time until return to duty.

Subject Categories:

  • Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine
  • Weapons Effects (Biological)
  • Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE