Lansdale, Magsaysay, America and the Philippines: A Case Study of Limited Intervention Counterinsurgency
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS
Pagination or Media Count:
Historians tend to agree that Ramon Magsaysays leadership and his relationship with Edward Lansdale are two of the most important features of the Philippine governments campaign against the Huks from 1946 to 1954. Yet the nuances of his leadership and the nature of their relationship deserve greater investigation. This thesis seeks to further illuminate Magsaysay and Lansdales relationship by focusing on the role that empathy and sociocultural understanding played in defeating the Huks and restoring the Philippine governments legitimacy. U.S. policy in the Philippines at the time bolstered regimes riddled with corruption, graft, and nepotism, reinforcing poor governance and resulting in a loss of government legitimacy. This energized the Huk movement until they were on the verge of toppling the government. A change in U.S. policy coincided with the emergence of Magsaysay and Lansdale. They reversed the Huks momentum, rejuvenated the demoralized and oppressed armed forces, and restored the Philippine governments legitimacy, all in less than four years. Their shared, genuine empathy for the Filipino people fostered deep sociocultural understanding. Their combined capabilities and resources then translated empathy and sociocultural understanding into concrete measures to combat the Huks and rebuild popular support for the government.
- Sociology and Law
- Humanities and History
- Unconventional Warfare