Accession Number:

ADA568751

Title:

Memoir of the Long Range Acoustic Propagation Program (LRAPP)

Descriptive Note:

Journal article

Corporate Author:

NAVAL OCEAN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY STENNIS SPACE CENTER MS

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2011-04-01

Pagination or Media Count:

33.0

Abstract:

Today, an understanding of acoustic programs of the ocean can be learned from any one of a number of textbooks, but in the relatively recent past much of today s knowledge is unknown. The Long Range Acoustic Propagation Program LRAPP was a major contributor to today s knowledge and was arguably responsible for some of the key technical developments that blunted the Soviet submarine threat during the Cold War. The strength of the program was twofold. First, its unique combination of military personnel and applied scientists from universities, Navy and university laboratories, and government contractors, and second, its management by OP-095 Manager, AntiSubmarine Warfare, an organization focused exclusively on the ASW mission to be accomplished. OP-095 was a rare example of true out of the box managerial thinking in that era. The LRAPP team less than 200 people over 25 years developed models for acoustic propagation and ambient noise prediction from first principles. Subsidiary models on worldwide shipping distributions, and measurements of radiated noise of submarines and surface ships allowed ambient noise predictions of levels as a function of depth. These models, and others, were all validated in a large number of extensive ocean exercises 96 with data collection that included direct measurement of sound speed, detailed measurements of the bathymetric profile, and basin shipping distributions, in addition to temperature and salinity data as a function of depth. The measurement and accurate prediction of directional ambient noise as a function of depth was a novel concept at the time. This characterization led to advances in array processing that resulted in significant improvements in array performance in real-world operations. This combination of validated scientific research and its translation and acceptance by the operational Navy provided the successful ASW program that the United States needed during the Cold War.

Subject Categories:

  • Submarine Engineering
  • Acoustics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE