Deployment Surveillance Report: Traumatic Brain Injury Identified from Hospitalization and Air Evacuation Records - Army, 2004-2009
Final rept. 1 Jan 2004-31 Dec 2009
ARMY PUBLIC HEALTH COMMAND ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD ARMY INST OF PUBLIC HEALTH
Pagination or Media Count:
The Army Institute of Public Health conducts injury surveillance for deployed Soldiers to identify and track injury incidence during deployments. For the on-going operations in Iraq Operation Iraqi Freedom OIF and Afghanistan Operation Enduring Freedom OEF, estimates for the incidence of traumatic brain injury TBI have ranged from 10 percent to 40 percent. The purpose of this report is to describe the incidence and causes of TBI that required Army Soldiers to be hospitalized in theater andor air evacuated from OIF and OEF between Jan 2004 and Dec 2009. From 2004 to 2009, there were 4,182 incident TBI cases hospitalized andor air evacuated. The overall annual TBI rate was higher in OEF 6610,000 person-years than OIF 4510,000 person-years. Battle injuries accounted for 69 percent of hospitalized TBIs and 65 percent of air evacuated TBIs. Non-battle injuries NBI accounted for the remainder. The leading non-battle causes of TBIs were motor vehicle crashes 42 percent of hospitalized and 30 percent of air evacuated non-battle TBIs and falls 20 percent of hospitalized and 16 percent of air evacuated of non-battle TBIs, respectively. Recommendations include additional epidemiologic analysis and research to better understand the long-term effects and modifiable risk factors for disability for Soldiers who have had one or more TBI.
- Medicine and Medical Research