Stress Corrosion Cracking of Aluminum Alloys
NAVAL AIR WARFARE CENTER AIRCRAFT DIV PATUXENT RIVER MD
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The effects of environment concentration and strain rate on the stress corrosion cracking SCC behavior of 5083-H131 and 7075-T6 aluminum alloys were studied, conducting electrochemical measurement and slow strain rate test. The employed environments were pH 7.3 aqueous solutions of 0 to 20 NaCl, and the applied strain rate ranged from 10-8 s-1 to 10-4 s-1. A comparative test was also carried out in air. After the tests, the fracture surface morphology was examined by scanning electron microscopy, and the microstructure in the vicinity of the fracture by light microscopy to clarify the SCC mode. The results indicated 1. The SCC susceptibility is a little below 0.5 NaCl but it is raised noticeably with increasing NaCl concentration above 0.5 NaCl. 2. Compared to 7075-T6 aluminum alloy, 5083-H131 aluminum alloy has inferior mechanical property and it is highly susceptible to SCC. 3. The corrosion potential is lower and the corrosion rate is greater for higher NaCl concentration. 4. The SCC susceptibility increases with decreasing strain rate. 4. The SCC mode is crack initiation at the junctions of grain boundaries with specimen surface, and crack propagation along grain boundaries into the specimen, attributed to hydrogen embrittlement and anodic dissolution.
- Properties of Metals and Alloys