Accession Number:

ADA568515

Title:

Clinical and Electrodiagnostic Abnormalities of the Median Nerve in US Army Dental Assistants at the Onset of Training

Descriptive Note:

Journal article

Corporate Author:

ARMY MEDICAL DEPT CENTER AND SCHOOL FORT SAM HOUSTON TX

Report Date:

2012-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

12.0

Abstract:

PurposeHypothesis Dental personnel including dentists, dental hygienists, and dental assistants have been reported as having a high prevalence of upper-extremity musculoskeletal disorders, including carpal tunnel syndrome. Previous research has not involved dental assistant students at the onset of dental training. Therefore the purpose of this study was to determine the presence of median and ulnar neuropathies in US Army dental assistants at the onset of their training. Number of Subjects Fifty-fi ve US Army Soldiers 28 female, 27 male enrolled in the Dental Assistant 68E course, volunteered to participate in the study. The mean age of the dental assistant students was 24 plus or minus 7.2 years range 18-41 years. There were 45 right handed dental assistant students, and the mean length of time in the Army prior to dental training was 27 months range 3-180 months. MaterialsMethods Subjects were evaluated during the first week of their 10-week dental assistant course. Subjects completed a history form, were interviewed, and underwent a physical examination. Electrophysiological status of the median and ulnar nerves of both upper extremities was obtained by performing motor and sensory nerve conduction studies. Descriptive statistics for subject demographics and nerve conduction study variables were calculated. Results Six of the 55 subjects 11 presented with abnormal electrophysiologic values suggestive of median mononeuropathy at or distal to the wrist. Five of the subjects had abnormal electrophysiologic values in both hands. Five of these 6 subjects had clinical examination findings consistent with the electrophysiological findings. The ulnar nerve electrophysiologic assessment was normal in all subjects sampled.

Subject Categories:

  • Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE