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Army Corps Supplemental Appropriations: Recent History, Trends, and Policy Issues

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Congressional research service

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Under its civil works program, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers plans, builds, operates, and maintains a wide range of water resources facilities. The Corps also plays a prominent role in responding to domestic natural disasters, in particular riverine and coastal flooding events. The Corps can assist in flood fighting at the discretion of its Chief of Engineers in order to protect life and property, principally when state resources are overwhelmed. The Corps is also authorized to protect and repair its own facilities in the event of flooding, and to operate a program, the Rehabilitation and Inspection Program RIP, that funds the repair of participating nonfederal flood control works e.g., levees, dams, dunes damaged by flooding events. Repairs under this program are funded by the Corps Flood Control and Coastal Emergencies FCCE account. The Corps also undertakes a variety of other activities at the request of FEMA under the National Response Framework, which are outside the scope of this report. In recent years a number of natural disasters have required Corps response and repair activities with costs running into the billions. Congress provided most of these funds through supplemental appropriations. Over the 10-year period FY2003 to FY2012, Congress appropriated 25.5 billion in supplemental funding for the Corps through 12 supplemental appropriations acts including P.L. 111-5, or ARRA. This was approximately half of the total amount received by the Corps in annual appropriations over the same period. Of the 25.5 billion, about 21 billion 82 was for actions to respond to riverine and coastal flooding or other natural disasters. The majority of this funding was for response and repair related to Hurricane Katrina and the 2005 storm season 16 billion. In addition to the disaster funding, Congress provided the Corps with non-disaster related supplemental funds, including 4.6 billion under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act P.L. 111-5 and

Subject Categories:

  • Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
  • Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering and Control of Production Systems

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