Virtually Massive: Understanding Mass and Combat Power in Cyber War
AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL AIR FORCE RESEARCH INST
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The US Air Force defines mass as to concentrate the effects of combat power at the most advantageous place and time to achieve decisive results Air Force Doctrine Document AFDD 3-12 echoes this definition while noting that cyber forces must integrate and synchronize with other forces . But what does this mean for strategy in the cyber domain Some have suggested that the concept of mass no longer applies in cyberspace, and that a handful of attackers could launch devastating attacks from anywhere in the world. Col Gregory Rattray, USAF-Ret, in Strategic Warfare in Cyberspace discusses the support functions, such as network intelligence, targeting, and tool development, that can make cyber attacks more effective. This suggests another perspective on mass- one including not just the tooth of operators attacking targets, but also the tail required to put together a team capable of consistently launching successful attacks since he suggests the analysts and programmers might need to significantly outnumber the people actually carrying out attacks4. This is a significant difference, and an important question to resolve, but personnel issues are not the only way to understand mass in cyber war.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics