Effects of Front-Loading and Stagger Angle on Endwall Losses of High Lift Low Pressure Turbine Vanes
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT
Pagination or Media Count:
Past efforts to reduce the airfoil count in low pressure turbines have produced high lift profiles with unacceptably high endwall loss. The purpose of the current work is to suggest alternative approaches for reducing endwall losses. The effects of the fluid mechanics and high lift profile geometry are considered. Mixing effects of the mean flow and turbulence fields are decoupled to show that mean flow shear in the endwall wake is negligible compared to turbulent shear, indicating that turbulence dissipation is the primary cause of total pressure loss. The mean endwall flow field does influence total pressure loss by causing excessive wake growth and perhaps outright separation on the suction surface. For equivalent stagger angles, a front-loaded high lift profile will produce less endwall loss than one aft-loaded, primarily by suppressing suction surface flow separation. Increasing the stagger setting, however, increases the endwall loss due to the static pressure field generating a stronger blockage relative to the incoming endwall boundary layer flow and causing a larger mass of fluid to become entrained in the horseshoe vortex. In short, front-loading the pressure distribution suppresses suction surface separation whereas limiting the stagger angle suppresses inlet boundary layer separation. Results of this work suggest that a front-loaded low stagger profile be used at the endwall to reduce the endwall loss.
- Fluid Mechanics
- Jet and Gas Turbine Engines