Curveslam: Utilizing Higher Level Structure In Stereo Vision-Based Navigation
ILLINOIS UNIV AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN
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Existing approaches to visual Simultaneous Localization and Mapping SLAM typically utilize points as visual feature primitives to represent landmarks in the environment. Since these techniques mostly use image points from a standard feature point detector, they do not explicitly map objects or regions of interest. Further, previous SLAM techniques that propose the use of higher level structures often place constraints on the environment, such as requiring orthogonal lines and planes. Our work is motivated by the need for different SLAM techniques in path and riverine settings, where feature points can be scarce and may not adequately represent the environment. Accordingly, the proposed approach uses Bezier polynomial curves as stereo vision primitives and offers a novel SLAM formulation to update the curve parameters and vehicle pose. This method eliminates the need for point-based stereo matching, with an optimization procedure to directly extract the curve information in the world frame from noisy edge measurements. Further, the proposed algorithm enables navigation with fewer feature states than most point-based techniques, and is able to produce a map which only provides detail in key areas. Results in simulation and with vision data validate that the proposed method can be effective in estimating the 6DOF pose of the stereo camera and can produce structured, uncluttered maps. Monte Carlo simulations of the algorithm are also provided to analyze its consistency.