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Effect of Heat on Wounded Warriors in Ground Combat Vehicles: Insights from the Army Medical Community, and the Simulation of a Novel Method for Soldier Thermal Control
ARMY TANK AUTOMOTIVE RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT AND ENGINEERING CENTER WARREN MI
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Ground combat vehicles can operate in regions characterized by various types and severities of injuries resulting from improvised explosive devices IEDs, gunfire or heat illness as well as extreme climates such as desert environments. Because of the wounded warriors compromised physical condition, their thermal surroundings within the vehicle is especially important. This paper presents insights gleaned from the Army medical community, as well as a simple study of the effect of heat on soldiers in a ground combat vehicle using CFD thermal modeling and simulation tools and methodologies. In particular, an Army-patented method for controlling body temperature via skin temperature feedback together with a cooling vest and pants ensemble is employed.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE