Efficient Aviation Security: Strengthening the Analytic Foundation for Making Air Transportation Security Decisions
RAND CORP ARLINGTON VA HOMELAND SECURITY AND DEFENSE CENTER
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In the decade since the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, aviation security has remained a policy area at the forefront of the national policy agenda. Al-Qa ida has maintained its focus on the U.S. aviation system, and a number of attempted attacks on aircraft have been thwarted in the succeeding years. Internationally, there have been successful attacks on aircraft and airports, and continued adaptation and innovation by terrorist groups has presented aviation planners with a shifting risk environment. The frequent adjustments and systematic tightening of security around the aviation system that have occurred since 911 have also put the collateral and intangible effects of security efforts into the national spotlight, with significant controversy about the intrusiveness of security, and stimulated both analysis and debate about whether the benefits of new security measures outweigh their costs. This document seeks to contribute to the national debate on aviation security by examining a set of issues that are either overlooked or not well captured in analyses of the costs and benefits of security measures. Our effort is motivated by the position that the goal of aviation security is not just to reduce risk in the aviation system, but to do so efficiently particularly in an era when fiscal constraints require difficult choices between spending resources on security or other important national priorities. We present a series of distinct analyses focused on tools and approaches we believed were missing and therefore hurting efforts to develop efficient security strategies, implement tactics, and get the best outcomes for the resources spent to ensure aviation security.
- Commercial and General Aviation
- Unconventional Warfare