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High-precision GNSS Orbit, Clock and EOP Estimation at the United States Naval Observatory

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The United States Naval Observatory USNOproduces GPS-based estimates of satellite orbits, satellite- and receiver-clock time corrections, and earth-orientation parameters five times per day once in a daily rapid process, the results of which are available with approximately 16-hour latency, and four times in an every-six-hours ultra-rapid process, the results of which are available with 3-hour latency. The rapid products supply 24 hours of post-processed estimates the ultra-rapid products supply 24 hours of post-processed estimates with 24 hours of predictions. As is, the ultra-rapid products are suited for real-time systems where high-accuracy GPS orbits are required. In addition to providing high precision and low latency, these products are available on an extremely reliable basis. USNO is one of the few DoD providers of these GPS-based estimates and performs duties as an Analysis Center AC of the International GNSS Service IGS. Recently, the USNO has begun to test the incorporation of GLONASS observational data into a non-operational rapids processing. The resulting solutions from this case study will be compared to a USNOs GPS-based control solution as well as to the combination rapid products produced by the IGS. It is shown that the network stations used in the GLONASS test case have a noticeable improvement in their position estimate RMS in comparison to the control solution. Performing a 7-parameter Helmert transformation indicates that the Z-direction rotational values appear to have the most improvement from the inclusion of the GLONASS observations.

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  • Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods
  • Navigation and Guidance

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