Optical Quality, Threshold Target Identification, and Military Target Task Performance After Advanced Keratorefractive Surgery
Annual rept. 1 May 2011-30 Apr 2012
HENRY M JACKSON FOUNDATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF MILITARY MEDICINE BETHESDA MD
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The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effect of advanced refractive surgery on task performance in a military operational setting. In this prospective, randomized treatment trial we will enroll 224 nearsighted soldiers to undergo wavefront-guided WFG photorefractive keratectomy PRK, WFG laser in situ keratomileusis LASIK, wavefront optimized WFO PRK or WFO LASIK 56 in each group. Subjects will undergo extensive clinical and military visual performance testing pre- and postoperatively. Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate NVESD performance prediction models the Target Task Performance TTP metric will analyze data derived from the contrast sensitivity function to predict whether there is a significant difference in either the range at which target identification can be made or the time a target can be detected. Military task performance will be further evaluated by the NVESD program threshold target identification in which tracked vehicle targets will be presented to observers at a sufficient distance to stress the eye response. The percentage of correctly identified stimuli will be plotted as a function of range to produce a psychometric function. Finally, night firing range performance will be determined before and after surgery. Study design will enable comparison to preoperative performance as well as comparisons between treatment groups.
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Medicine and Medical Research