Accession Number:

ADA562950

Title:

Psychological Aspects of Deployment and Health Behaviours (Aspects psychologiques de la projection operationnelle et comportements lies a la sante)

Descriptive Note:

Technical rept.

Corporate Author:

NATO RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANIZATION NEUILLY-SUR-SEINE (FRANCE)

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2012-05-01

Pagination or Media Count:

86.0

Abstract:

Background Health risk behaviours are important threats to operational effectiveness and force sustainability in military organizations, and there is evidence that at least some deployments are associated with an increase of at least some of these behaviours. Method A preliminary literature review and some original research identified three health risk behaviours of greatest relevance to military organizations based on their health impact and evidence of association with deployment Tobacco use, high-risk drinking, and risky driving. Results In-depth literature review and some original research confirmed the causal association of at least some deployments on these behaviours. Possible common mechanisms for this association include distress and mental disorders and changes in risk perceptionrisk tolerance. Conclusions Research on deployment and health risk behaviours should focus on tobacco use, risky drinking, and risky driving as top priorities. Military organizations should tackle these health risk behaviours as public health problems affecting the military as a whole as opposed to as deployment health problems. Mitigation of distress and mental disorders may help attenuate health risk behaviours, but the expected magnitude of this effect is small. For this reason, these health risk behaviours should be specifically targeted with methods of proven efficacy, and the military should leverage the unusual d

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology
  • Medicine and Medical Research
  • Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE