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Tapping into the Wiretap Debate
ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA
Pagination or Media Count:
The use of electronic surveillance by federal intelligence agencies has historically been a contested topic. After a series of missteps by the intelligence community, Congress enacted the 1978 Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act and Court to define and oversee electronic intelligence collection and surveillance to better protect civil liberties. In the 20 years that followed, the world would undergo an evolution in communication technologies, creating vulnerabilities for U.S. intelligence agencies under the law. In the aftermath of 911, both Congress and the Executive Office enhanced electronic surveillance measures to combat terrorism. Critics of the new laws and secret executive program argue infringements of civil liberties under the fourth Amendment. Advocates claimed an essential need for national security. This paper will examine several related issues. What is the historical rationale behind the laws How and why have they been modified over time Are they currently sufficient to provide intelligence agencies with the tools necessary to protect America while also providing adequate assurances to the American people of their right to privacy And what further measures can be taken to improve the current system
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE