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The Arab Spring: Causes, Consequences, and Implications
ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA
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Many experts compare the Arab spring to the popular revolutions that shook communist states in the late 1980s and early 1990s of the 20th century. After more than five decades of independence from European colonialism, autocratic rulers have failed to meet the legitimate aspirations of the Arab people. These include political freedom, economic prosperity, and human dignity. Starting with the Jasmine revolution in Tunisia, the shockwave swept through the area and threatened the stability of this oil-rich region with repercussions felt internationally. The aim of this paper is to show that the current situation is a corollary of decades of failed policies, exacerbated by a unique economic crisis. The far-flung consequences, I will argue, require careful attention and cautious management from the international community headed by the United States, should the latter seek to preserve its pivotal role in the region.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE