U.S. Military Information Operations in Afghanistan: Effectiveness of Psychological Operations 2001-2010
RAND NATIONAL DEFENSE RESEARCH INST SANTA MONICA CA
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The U.S. Marine Corps USMC, which has long recognized the importance of influencing the civilian population in a counterinsurgency COIN environment, asked the R AND National Defense Research Institute to evaluate the effectiveness of U.S. military USMIL information operations IO and psychological operations PSYOP in Afghanistan from 2001 to 2010 based on how well messages and themes are tailored to target audiences. This monograph responds to that request. It should be emphasized that this report does not cover the significant changes in IO and PSYOP definitions, doctrine, orga- nization, and implementation in the field that have taken place since 2010. When the text refers to the present, or the current situation, it generally means 2010.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics