The Effects of Cognitive-Behavioral Motivation for Health Improvement on Anthropometric Measurements in High Risk Individuals
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT
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Unhealthy lifestyles cost businesses, governmental organizations, and the United States military billions of dollars every year. To fight this rising cost as well as potentially save lives this study sought to understand if a cognitive-behavioral motivation treatment could positively affect the cognitive variables attitude, self-efficacy, and locus of control that induce long term behavior change. Anthropometric measurements, specifically body mass index, abdominal circumference, and abdominal height, were used to determine if long term behavior change resulted from the treatment. The Theory of Planned Behavior was the basis of this thesis model, while the Valence, Instrumentality, and Expectancy VIE theory was the foundation for the cognitive-behavioral motivation treatment. Structural Equation Modeling SEM tested the theory based model and found two results a cognitive-behavioral motivation treatment can positively affect cognitive changes that improve behavior and health and, a causal or mediation relationship among the cognitive variables of locus of control and self-efficacy was found instead of the predicted parallel relationship. Effective implementation of an intervention like the one used in this study could lower the United States Air Forces health care bill by as much as 40 million, improve employee efficiency and mission capability, enable longer healthier lives, and prevent premature death.
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Medicine and Medical Research