Report of the DOD-DOE Workshop on Converting Waste to Energy Using Fuel Cells
DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WASHINGTON DC OFFICE OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY
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This report documents the results of a workshop held on January 13, 2011 and organized by the U.S. Department of Energy DOE and the U.S. Department of Defense DOD on waste-to-energy using fuel cells in support of a Memorandum of Understanding MOU entered into on July 22, 2010. The purpose of this MOU, entered into by the DOD and the DOE, is to coordinate efforts to enhance national energy security and demonstrate federal government leadership in transitioning to a low-carbon economy. A key focus area of the MOU is DOD-DOE collaboration on a broad range of innovative, technology-driven solutions to reduce petroleum use, among other objectives. One of the solutions being explored under the MOU is the use of hydrogen and fuel cell applications to curb the use of logistics fuel across several DOD agencies. DOD and DOE have identified three key nearterm opportunities for hydrogen and fuel cell use developing and installing fuel cells for auxiliary power in airport ground support equipment and on board military aircraft, leveraging waste as feedstock for fuel cell applications in fixed and deployed military operations, and developing and using fuel cells for auxiliary power on military ships and in ports andor pier-side applications. As a large developer and end user of technology, DOD will aim to speed the movement of innovative energy technologies and technical expertise from DOE s research laboratories to military end users, using military installations as test beds and early markets. This paper includes the results of the January 13, 2011, workshop which focused on the second of these three opportunities utilizing biowaste as an energy feedstock and converting this feedstock into heat andor power using fuel cells.
- Electric Power Production and Distribution
- Electrochemical Energy Storage
- Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies
- Solid Wastes and Pollution and Control