Accession Number:

ADA557912

Title:

The Impact of Racial Integration on the Combat Effectiveness of Eighth (US) Army during the Korean War

Descriptive Note:

Monograph

Corporate Author:

ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2011-12-01

Pagination or Media Count:

105.0

Abstract:

This monograph studies the racial integration of Army ground combat units in the U.S. Eighth Army during the Korean War. The purpose of the monograph is to determine how this change in the utilization of African-American soldiers affected the combat effectiveness of a U.S. Army organization engaged in fighting a war. The monograph uses several methods to accomplish this purpose study of pertinent records and Army doctrine, primary and secondary source historical analysis, and an interdisciplinary study of military effectiveness. To answer the primary research question, the monograph explores in broad terms the origins of the Cold War and U.S. national policy after World War II, the use of Korean soldiers in U.S. Army units during the Korean War, and the Armys segregation policies. The research results in two major findings. First, the integration of African Americans in Army combat units during the Korean War resulted in improvements in cohesion, leadership and command, fighting spirit, personnel resources, and sustainment that increased the combat effectiveness of the Eighth Army. Second, contrary to the prevailing Army view, leaders in the Eighth Army held a positive opinion of the ability of African-American soldiers to fight in combat. Both of these findings are evidence of the Eighth Armys adaptability.

Subject Categories:

  • Sociology and Law
  • Humanities and History
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE