Anticipating the Species Jump: Surveillance for Emerging Viral Threats
PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV STATE COLLEGE
Pagination or Media Count:
Emerging infectious diseases EID pose international security threats because of their potential to inflict harm upon humans, crops, livestock, health infrastructure, and economies. Some zoonotic animal viruses pose unique challenges because of their ability to infect new host species. For example, influenza and human immunodeficiency viruses originally infected animals, but subsequent mutations enabled these viruses to jump to new human hosts. Zoonotic disease surveillance is typically triggered after animal pathogens have infected humans. Yet, what might be achieved by surveillance that precedes human infection Can it be done How Where By whom On 3-4 December 2009, the Advanced Systems and Concepts Office of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency DTRA-ASCO convened a workshop of experts to conceptualize the future of predictive surveillance for viruses that jump from animals to infect humans.Virologists, ecologists, and computational biologists from academia, US Government and nongovernmental organizations discussed opportunities as well as obstacles to prediction of species jumps using genetic and ecological determinants from virus, host, vector and reservoir.
- Medicine and Medical Research