Ion Trap Quantum Computing
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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Richard Feynman first proposed the idea of quantum computers thirty years ago. Since then, efforts have been undertaken to realize large-scale, fault-tolerant quantum computers that can factor large numbers much more quickly than classical computers, which would have significant implications for computer security. While there is no universally agreed upon technology for experimentally realizing quantum computers, many researchers look to ion traps as a promising technology. This thesis focuses on ion traps, how they fulfill the Divincenzo criteria, what obstacles must be overcome, and recent achievements in this field. We examine the physical principles of a linear Paul trap, including the confining potential and its quantum dynamics. In addition, we built a mechanical analogue of an ion trap for pedagogical purposes, and we provide an analysis of its trapping potential and compare it to a real ion trap, the Paul trap. Furthermore, we provide guidance for building a course module on ion trap based quantum computing our guidance is based on course materials from several institutions.
- Quantum Theory and Relativity