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Humanitarian and Development Assistance: Project Evaluations and Better Information Sharing Needed to Manage the Military's Efforts
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC
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In recent years, the Department of Defense DOD has increased its emphasis and spending on humanitarian assistance efforts outside of war and disaster environments. From fiscal years 2005 through 2010, DOD obligated about 383 million on its key humanitarian assistance programs. Because civilian agencies, such as the Department of State and United States Agency for International Development USAID also carry out many assistance efforts, DOD s efforts require close collaboration with these agencies. This report was conducted as part of GAO s response to a statutory mandate and reviewed 1 DOD s management of two key humanitarian assistance programs the humanitarian assistance program funded through its Overseas Humanitarian, Disaster, and Civic Aid OHDACA appropriation and its Humanitarian and Civic Assistance program and 2 the extent to which DOD, State, and USAID have visibility over each others efforts. To conduct this review, GAO analyzed funding and program information, and interviewed officials at DOD, State, USAID, nongovernment organizations, and 12 U.S. embassies.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE