Why Not Extended Deterrence from Romania? U.S. European Phased Adaptive Approach (EPAA) and NATO's Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD) Site at Deveselu Air Base in Romania
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS
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In September 2011, the United States and Romania signed the cooperative anti-missile agreement for the United States to build, operate, and maintain ballistic missile defense BMD system elements at Deveselu Air Base, the previously confirmed selection for the Romanian site of Phase II of the so-called European Phased Adaptive Approach EPAA. The plans envision Deveselu Air Base hosting land-based Standard Missile-3 SM-3 interceptors by 2015, as part of the Aegis Ashore System. This vision is important because the United States, Romania, and other NATO allies face ballistic missile threats, particularly amid the increasingly unsettled situation in the Middle East. The EPAA also marks a major development in the broader context of policy and strategy, both within the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and between NATO and other states in the regions, as NATO and the United States significantly extend deterrence in expanding their BMD reach. This thesis examines how the plans for the deployment of U.S. BMD system elements in Romania reflect and support the strategic purposes of the United States and the trans-Atlantic Alliance, and what the political significance of this deployment is with regard to the following relationships U.S.-Romanian relations, U.S. relations with other NATO allies, relations within the Alliance, U.S.-Russian relations, and NATO-Russian relations.
- Government and Political Science
- Antimissile Defense Systems