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Combating Human Trafficking: Evolution of State Legislation and the Policies of the United Kingdom and France
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS
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Human trafficking is a transnational issue that violates human rights and is increasingly associated with organized crime. Since the turn of the century and the passing of the United Nations Palermo Convention Protocols, combating human trafficking has required a coordinated and cooperative effort among local, regional, state, and international institutions. This thesis examines the evolution of human trafficking legislation and polices of the United Kingdom and France to provide a more detailed look at how their efforts have positively contributed to the fight against human trafficking. Their efforts have combined two approaches 1 A human rights-based approach that reflects the protection of victims and the human rights issues involved in human trafficking, and 2 An approach that reflects the criminal nature of human trafficking and its association with organized crime. The convergence of these two approaches to combat human trafficking also is represented in the efforts of a multitude of European security institutions that are engaged in this fight.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE