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Comparison Of Direct Simple Shear Confinement Methods On Clay And Silt Specimens
RHODE ISLAND UNIV KINGSTON
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ASTM D2435 2000 allows for both Teflon coated stacked rings and wire reinforced membranes to be used as confinement methods in direct simple shear DSS testing of soils. Although stacked rings were developed over 50 years ago, wire reinforced membranes have been used almost exclusively in practice. Over the past 10 years, however, stacked rings have become more popular and are now the dominant confinement system sold and used in the United States. Despite this change, no comprehensive testing program comparing both confinement methods has been published. The objective of this thesis is to perform a laboratory testing program to compare the results of using stacked rings and wire reinforced membranes as a confining system for direct simple shear tests. Tests were performed on samples of a high plasticity clay from the Gulf of Mexico, a low plasticity organic silt from Rhode Island, and a low plasticity sensitive clay from Portland, Maine.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE