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The Effect of Autoclaving on Torsional Moment of Two Nickel-Titanium Endodontic Files

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Journal article

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The effect of autoclaving on torsional moment of two nickel titanium endodontic files. Aim To evaluate the effects of repeated autoclaving on torsional strength of two nickel titanium NiTi rotary endodontic files Twisted Files SybronEndo, Orange, CA, USA and GT Series X files Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Tulsa, OK, USA. Methodology Four groups of 20 GT Series X size 20, .06 taper and four groups of 20 Twisted Files size 25, .06 taper were subjected to 0, 1, 3 or 7 autoclave cycles. The nonautoclaved files served as controls. Failure in torsion was recorded using a torsiometer according to ANSIADA 58 and ISO 3630-1 standards. Mean results were analysed using analysis of variance anova at a 95 confidence level. Dunnett s procedure was used for post hoc analysis. Results There was no significant difference in torsional moment between the number of autoclave cycles for Twisted Files. However, the mean torque at failure was significantly lower for GT Series X files after three P is less than 0.001 and seven P is less than 0.001 autoclave cycles. For Twisted Files, there was a significant increase P is less than 0.001 in mean number of degrees of rotation to failure with more autoclave cycles compared to nonautoclaved files. For GT Series X files, there was no significant association P 0.527 between the number of autoclave cycles and the degrees of rotation to failure. Conclusions Repeat autoclaving of unused GT Series X files between three and seven times resulted in a significant reduction in torsional strength, whilst there was no effect observed for Twisted Files.

Subject Categories:

  • Properties of Metals and Alloys
  • Machinery and Tools
  • Mechanics

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