Direct-Write Polymer Nanolithography in Ultra-High Vacuum
NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC CHEMISTRY DIV
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Polymer nanostructures were directly written onto substrates in ultra-high vacuum. The polymer ink was coated onto atomic force microscope AFM probes that could be heated to control the ink viscosity. Then, the ink-coated probes were placed into an ultrahigh vacuum UHV AFM and used to write polymer nanostructures on surfaces, including surfaces cleaned in UHV. Controlling the writing speed of the tip enabled the control over the number of monolayers of the polymer ink deposited on the surface from a single to tens of monolayers, with higher writing speeds generating thinner polymer nanostructures. Deposition onto silicon oxideterminated substrates led to polymer chains standing upright on the surface, whereas deposition onto vacuum reconstructed silicon yielded polymer chains aligned along the surface.
- Polymer Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Equipment
- Fluid Mechanics