HER4 Cyt1 and Cyt2 Isoforms Regulate Transcription Through Differential Interactions with a Transcriptional Regulator, Yap
Annual summary 15 Sep 2010-14 Sep 2011
NORTH CAROLINA UNIV AT CHAPEL HILL
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Our laboratory has previously shown that two isoforms of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor family member, HER4 Cyt1 and Cyt2 exhibit opposing effects on mammary epithelial cells in vitro and in vivo. In our hands, Cyt1 attenuated growth and promoted differentiation, while Cyt2 promoted cell proliferation of mammary epithelial cells. The two isoforms differ by presence of additional 16 amino acids in Cyt1, which introduces a phosphoinositide-3 kinase- and third WW-domain binding motives however, do not explain the different biological effects of the isoforms. We have focused our studies on a transcriptional regulator and an oncogene, Yap and have shown that Cyt1 preferentially binds Yap as compared to Cyt2. We confirmed these results in COS7 and 293T cells and using mutational in vitro studies and mass spectrometry identified tyrosines 341 and 394 of Yap as phosphorylation targets by HER4. We also found that HER4 cytoplasmic domain s80 does not modulate localization of Yap in COS7 cells, although Yap promotes nuclear localization of s80 and these effects are not dependent on isoform nor kinase activity. HER4 expression also did not affect Yap cellular localization in vivo in a transgenic mouse model and human breast carcinoma. Due to technical difficulties in achieving adequate protein expression in mammary epithelial cells we have been unable to confirm interaction of Yap and HER4 in this cell type however, are currently developing a new model to continue the studies.
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Medicine and Medical Research