Biomechanics of the Ankle-Foot System during Stair Ambulation: Implications for Design of Advanced Ankle-Foot Prostheses
BROOKE ARMY MEDICAL CENTER FORT SAM HOUSTON TX
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Unilateral lower limb prosthesis users display temporal, kinematic, and kinetic asymmetries between limbs while ascending and descending stairs. These asymmetries are due, in part, to the inability of current prosthetic devices to effectively mimic normal ankle function. The purpose of this study was to provide a comprehensive set of biomechanical data for able-bodied and unilateral transtibial amputee TTA ankle foot systems for level-ground LG, stair ascent SA, and stair descent SD, and to characterize deviations from normal performance associated with prosthesis use. Ankle joint kinematics, kinetics, torque angle curves, and effective shapes were calculated for twelve able-bodied individuals and twelve individuals with TTA. The data from this study demonstrated the prosthetic limb can more effectively mimic the range of motion and power output of a normal ankle foot during LG compared to SA and SD. There were larger differences between the prosthetic and able-bodied limbs during SA and SD, most evident in the torque angle curves and effective shapes. These data can be used by persons designing ankle foot prostheses and provide comparative data for assessment of future ankle foot prosthesis designs.
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Medicine and Medical Research