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A Summary of the Technical Pilot Selection Literature

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Technical rept. Aug 2009-Oct 2011

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This report summarizes the history of U.S. military pilot selection for fixed-wing aircraft beginning in 1917 with the entry of the United States into World War I. The World War I effort to develop a predictive pilot selection battery is covered in detail. The second chapter of the report deals with the period between the end of World War I and the beginning of World War II. The little research that was conducted during this period is presented along with changes in the Armys and Navys pilot selection batteries and processes. The impact of a reduced selection system on training outcomes is described. The third chapter deals with pilot selection in World War II and describes the development of the Army Air Forces pilot selection system and the Navys system. Because of the large amount of material available on pilot selection during this period, this chapter summarizes the research and development efforts and presents representative predictive validities for the selection instruments. The fourth chapter deals with the 5-year period between the end of World War II and the beginning of the Korean War. Few developments occurred during this period, and the chapter is correspondingly brief. The final chapter presents an overview of work conducted since 1950. It concentrates on three types of selection instruments that have been used since World War II personality, biographical, and timesharing. This chapter ends with a final perspective on efforts to develop a predictive pilot selection system and suggests areas for further research.

Subject Categories:

  • Humanities and History
  • Psychology
  • Personnel Management and Labor Relations
  • Anatomy and Physiology
  • Military Forces and Organizations

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