Accession Number:

ADA552182

Title:

Isolation and Characterization of Orientia tsutsugamushi from Rodents Captured following a Scrub Typhus Outbreak at a Military Training Base, Bothong District, Chonburi Province, Central Thailand

Descriptive Note:

Journal

Corporate Author:

NAVAL MEDICAL RESEARCH CENTER SILVER SPRING MD RICKETTSIAL DISEASES DEPT

Report Date:

2011-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

10.0

Abstract:

Orientia tsutsugamushi, an obligate intracellular Gram-negative bacterium, is the causative agent of scrub typhus, a vector-borne disease transmitted by infected chiggers trombiculid mite larvae. In 2002, an outbreak of scrub typhus occurred among Royal Thai Army troops during the annual field training at a military base in Bothong district Chonburi province, central Thailand. This report describes the outbreak investigation including its transmission cycle. Results showed that 33.9 of 174 trained troops had scrub typhus-like signs and symptoms and 9.8 of those were positive for 0. tsutsugamushi-specific antibodies by indirect fluorescence antibody assay. One hundred thirty-five rodents were captured from this training area, 43 of them had antibodies against 0. tsutsugamushi. Six new 0. tsutsugamushi isolates were obtained from captured rodent tissues and successfully established in cell culture. Phylogenetic studies showed that these six isolates were either unique or related to a native genotype of previously described isolates from Thailand.

Subject Categories:

  • Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE