Relationship between Orientation to a Blast and Pressure Wave Propagation Inside the Rat Brian
NAVAL MEDICAL RESEARCH CENTER SILVER SPRING MD
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Exposure to a blast wave generated during an explosion may result in brain damage and related neurological impairments. Several mechanisms by which the primary blast wave can damage the brain have been proposed, including 1 a direct effect of the shock wave on rhe brain causing tissue damage by skull flexure and propagation of stress and shear forces and 2 an indirect transfer of kinetic energy from the blast. through large blood vessels and cerebrospinal fluid CSF. to the central nervous system. To address a basic question related to the mechanisms of blast brain injury, pressure was measured inside the brains of rats exposed to a low level of blast 35 kPa . while positioned in three different orientations with respect to the primary blast wave head facing blast. right side exposed to blast and head facing away from blast. Data show different patterns and durations of the pressure traces in side the brain. depending on the rat orientation to blast. Frontal exposures head facing blast resulted in pressure traces of higher amplitude and longer duration. suggesting direct transmission and reflection of the pressure inside the brain dynamic pressure transfer. The pattern of the pressure wave inside the brain in the head facing away from blast exposures assumes contribution of the static pressure. similar to hydrodynamic pressure to the pressure wave inside the brain.
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Ammunition and Explosives