Reactive Nanocomposites for Controllable Adhesive Debonding
Final rept. Jan 2004-Jun 2005
ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD WEAPONS AND MATERIALS RESEARCH DIRECTORATE
Pagination or Media Count:
The ability to selectively attach and remove items from the surfaces of vehicles, aircraft, and other platforms without damaging the structures is a research interest of the military. An approach to achieving selective attachment, which includes adhesive bonding with on-demand debonding, has been demonstrated as a viable concept. However, the practical use of this approach is unrealized. The U.S. Army Research Laboratory ARL demonstrated that a bonded bimetallic stratified nanocomposite structure can completely and quickly separate two adhesively coupled surfaces using a small electrical or thermal initiation. The key benefits of the ARL concept are rapid decoupling but also very high bond strengths that can be selected via traditional commercial adhesives. The novelty of an inserted coupling media, the stratified nanocomposite, offers infinite tunability and control of coupling strength. In this report, the critical elements of the approach are demonstrated using bimetallic layers composed of nickel and aluminum fabricated using a vapor deposition process. Unlike other debonding approaches, this method allows for fast, remote, and on-command separation of structurally bonded materials.
- Structural Engineering and Building Technology