Cue Integration in Dynamic Decision Marking (Integration des indices dans la Prise de Decision Dynamique)
HUMANSYSTEMS INC GUELPH (ONTARIO)
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Defence Research and Development Canada DRDC Toronto is interested in researching training techniques to prepare Canadian Forces CF commanders and staff for decision making in complex and dynamic environments. The complex and dynamic nature of various types of operations e.g., effects-based operations, stability operations, counter-lED, counter-insurgency pose specific cognitive challenges on the decision-making process that the current training regimen of military commanders does not directly address. This project serves to provide understanding of underlying cognitive mechanisms within DDM as a contribution to determining how best to improve the DDM process and training. A brief review of four recognition processes, namely pattern recognition, cue integration, heuristics, and biases, was conducted as Phase I of a two phase process. Based on this review, cue integration was selected as an area of key interest and was the focus of a more comprehensive review Phase II. Results from this review indicated that the cue integration literature within DDM is sparse. A significant amount literature concerning more simplistic decision making thus was used to infer the role of cue integration within DDM. Particular aspects of cue integration, namely perception, working memory, long term memory, and feedback were considered to play an important role in DDM. Training implications including recommendations of what and how to train are considered. Concluding remarks and future recommendations are also discussed.