Accession Number:

ADA550735

Title:

Multimillion Atom Reactive Simulations of Nanostructured Energetic Materials

Descriptive Note:

Journal article

Corporate Author:

UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA LOS ANGELES

Report Date:

2007-08-01

Pagination or Media Count:

6.0

Abstract:

For large-scale atomistic simulations involving chemical reactions to study nanostructured energetic materials, we have designed linear-scaling molecular dynamics algorithms 1 rst-principles-based fast reactive force eld molecular dynamics, and 2 embedded divide-and-conquer density functional theory on adaptive multigrids for quantum-mechanical molecular dynamics. These algorithms have achieved unprecedented scales of quantummechanically accurate and well validated, chemically reactive atomistic simulations 0.56 billion-atom rst principles-based fast reactive force eld molecular dynamics and 1.4 million-atom 0.12 trillion grid points embedded divide-and-conquer density functional theory molecular dynamics in addition to 18.9 billion-atom nonreactive space-time multiresolution molecular dynamics, with parallel efciency as high as 0.953 on 1920 Itanium2 processors. These algorithms have enabled us to perform reactive molecular dynamics simulations to reveal various atomistic processes during 1 the oxidation of an aluminum nanoparticle, 2 the decomposition and chemisorption of an RDX 1, 3, 5-trinitro-1, 3, 5-triazine molecule on an aluminum surface, and 3 shock-initiated detonation of energetic nanocomposite material RDX crystalline matrix embedded with aluminum nanoparticles.

Subject Categories:

  • Physical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Equipment
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE